Vienna Austria Culture
Vienna is by far the largest urban area in the country and has only established itself as one of the best places to live in the world in recent years. Vienna has been developing into the most popular destination in Europe and the world for many years.
Around 65 percent of the population is urban, with Vienna being by far the largest city with 1.64 million. Unlike the capital, all other cities in Austria do not have more than 1 million inhabitants. The second largest city, Graz, is home to 260 people, followed by the smaller cities of Linz, Salzburg and Innsbruck.
About a third of Austrians live in cities, the rest in small towns in the countryside. Cities such as Vienna, Innsbruck and Salzburg have huge markets that are visited by people from all over the world. Vienna and InNSBruck rank as the most expensive cities in Austria, Graz and Klagenfurt are the cheapest and most affordable.
Even backpackers who travel with little money can experience the culture in Austria, and the Vienna Opera offers standing room and a great view of the city center. With sufficient knowledge of German, you can also enrol for a course at the renowned University of Vienna, where you will get to know the Austrian education system and have the opportunity to participate in student activities. While your adventure begins in Vienna, you can travel to other major cities throughout Austria on excursions to create a contrast and context to what you learn about Vienna.
An important example is the Vienna International Centre, which houses the United Nations Office in Vienna and dates back to the 1970s. Notable sites include the World Trade Center, UN headquarters and the International Museum of Modern Art.
Although not a World Heritage Site, many other cities in Austria have well-preserved historic city centers, such as Linz and Innsbruck. While the image of this music city is untarnished today, the city's long-standing cultural life and heritage institutions are causing sport to decline. Austria and especially Vienna have an old tradition in football since the 19th century, although there are no professional teams elsewhere. The Austrian Championship, which is limited to Vienna because there is a professional team elsewhere, was held in 1912.
Like other landlocked countries, the culture of Austria is strongly influenced by the cultures of the surrounding countries. A very Austro-centric culture has contributed to the success of many other countries, such as Germany, France, Italy and the United States. When looking at the culture in Austrian society, it is important to recognize that Austria was divided into three main regions: Austria, Germany and Austria - Bohemia (Austria is also divided into nine federal states).
The siege of Vienna in 1529 was the first time that the Ottoman Empire under the leadership of Suleiman the Magnificent took the city of Vienna. The 16th and 17th centuries were marked by a series of wars in which their huge armies invaded Austria and twice smashed the gates of Austria. In the 18th century, the Holy Roman Empire was dissolved and Vienna became the capital of the newly founded Austrian Empire (which later became the Austro-Hungarian Empire). World fairs introduced further culture, and the Vienna World Exposition of 1873 triggered an enthusiasm for Japonism that was to influence the development of Art Nouveau. In 1868, a dual Austro-Hungarian monarchy was established, drawing people to the capital cities, and Austria became a centre of international trade and culture, as well as a centre for art and culture.
At the end of the 19th century, Vienna was one of the most populous cities in Europe with over 2 million inhabitants. In the months after the Anschluss, Jews were ordered to move to the 2nd district Leopoldsstadt, where the slight majority of Jews had lived in Vienna before and where a "Jewish ghetto" once existed. In 1944, Hungarian Jews (including Hungarian Jews) and many others, including those who happened to be in Austria at the time, were murdered. Of the 121,000 Jews who left Austria, 8,500 emigrated from Vienna to other parts of Europe, such as Germany, France, Italy and the United States.
Although Vienna is expensive by Austrian standards, there are a large number of modern buildings, most of which were built in the 1920s and beyond.
In addition to architectural elements, the Historic Centre of Vienna has retained many of its original architectural features. Based on a long tradition, classical music was heard here, also in the 19th and early 20th centuries. In 1939, one billion spectators in 44 countries broadcast the world's first live concert of the Vienna Philharmonic in its Golden Hall, which was broadcast to an audience of over one billion people (44% of the country).
More than 99% of all Austrian wines are produced in Vienna, with the most famous, Gumpoldskirchen, being sold throughout Vienna. It comes from the famous vineyards of the Austrian Winery, the oldest winery in the world and one of the oldest wine producers in Austria.